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JavaWeb过滤器详解

07-09 09:12 288浏览
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过滤器是什么玩意?

所谓过滤器,其实就是一个服务端JavaWeb组件,用来截取用户端的请求与响应信息。

过滤器的应用场景:

1.对用户请求进行统一认证,保证不会出现用户账户安全性问题

2.编码转换,可在服务端的过滤器中设置统一的编码格式,避免出现乱码

3.对用户发送的数据进行过滤替换

4.转换图像格式

5.对响应的内容进行压缩

其中,第1,2场景经常涉及。

login.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head>
  <base href="<%=basePath%>">  
  <title>My JSP 'login.jsp' starting page</title>  
  <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">  
  <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
  <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
  <!--
  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
  -->
 </head> 
 <body>
 <form action="<%=path %>/servlet/LoginServlet" method="post" >
  用户名:<input type="text" name="username" />
 密码:<input type="password" name="password" />
 <input type="submit" value="登录" />
 </form>
 </body>
</html>

success.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head>
  <base href="<%=basePath%>"> 
  <title>My JSP 'index.jsp' starting page</title>
  <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">  
  <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
  <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
  <!--
  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
  -->
 </head> 
 <body>  
 </body>
</html>

failure.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head>
  <base href="<%=basePath%>">  
  <title>My JSP 'login.jsp' starting page</title>  
  <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
  <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">  
  <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
  <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
  <!--
  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
  -->
 </head> 
 <body>
 登录失败,请检查用户名或密码!
 </body>
</html>

LoginFilter.java

package com.cityhuntshou.filter;
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
public class LoginFilter implements Filter {
  private FilterConfig config;
  public void destroy() {    
  }
  public void doFilter(ServletRequest arg0, ServletResponse arg1,
      FilterChain arg2) throws IOException, ServletException {
    HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) arg0;
    HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) arg1;
    HttpSession session = request.getSession();        
    //过滤器实际应用场景之二-----编码转换    
    String charset = config.getInitParameter("charset");    
    if(charset == null)
    {
      charset = "UTF-8";
    }    
    request.setCharacterEncoding(charset);    
    String noLoginPaths = config.getInitParameter("noLoginPaths");   
    if(noLoginPaths != null)
    {
    String[] strArray = noLoginPaths.split(";");
    for(int i = 0; i < strArray.length; i++)
    {
      //空元素,放行
      if(strArray[i] == null || "".equals(strArray[i]))
        continue;        
      if(request.getRequestURI().indexOf(strArray[i]) != -1)
      {
      arg2.doFilter(arg0, arg1);
      return;
      }
    }
    }
    if(request.getRequestURI().indexOf("login.jsp") != -1
        || request.getRequestURI().indexOf("LoginServlet") != -1)
    {
      arg2.doFilter(arg0, arg1);
      return;
    }    
    if(session.getAttribute("username") != null)
    {
      arg2.doFilter(arg0, arg1);
    }
    else 
    {
      response.sendRedirect("login.jsp");
    }
  }
  public void init(FilterConfig arg0) throws ServletException {
    config = arg0;
  }
}

LoginServlet.java

package com.cityhuntshou.servlet;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
public class LoginServlet extends HttpServlet {
  /**
   * Constructor of the object.
   */
  public LoginServlet() {
    super();
  }
  /**
   * Destruction of the servlet. <br>
   */
  public void destroy() {
    super.destroy(); // Just puts "destroy" string in log
    // Put your code here
  }
  /**
   * The doGet method of the servlet. <br>
   *
   * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to get.
   * 
   * @param request the request send by the client to the server
   * @param response the response send by the server to the client
   * @throws ServletException if an error occurred
   * @throws IOException if an error occurred
   */
  public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {    
  }
  /**
   * The doPost method of the servlet. <br>
   *
   * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to post.
   * 
   * @param request the request send by the client to the server
   * @param response the response send by the server to the client
   * @throws ServletException if an error occurred
   * @throws IOException if an error occurred
   */
  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {
    String username = request.getParameter("username");
    String password = request.getParameter("password");
    //new String(username.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8")
    System.out.println(username);
    if("admin".equals(username) && "admin".equals(password))
    {
      //校验通过
      HttpSession session = request.getSession();
      session.setAttribute("username", username);
      response.sendRedirect(request.getContextPath()+"/success.jsp");
    }
    else 
    {
      //校验失败
      response.sendRedirect(request.getContextPath()+"/failure.jsp");
    }
  }
  /**
   * Initialization of the servlet. <br>
   *
   * @throws ServletException if an error occurs
   */
  public void init() throws ServletException {
    // Put your code here
  }
}

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.5" 
  xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
  http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">
 <display-name></display-name>
 <servlet>
  <description>This is the description of my J2EE component</description>
  <display-name>This is the display name of my J2EE component</display-name>
  <servlet-name>LoginServlet</servlet-name>
  <servlet-class>com.cityhuntshou.servlet.LoginServlet</servlet-class>
 </servlet>
 <servlet-mapping>
  <servlet-name>LoginServlet</servlet-name>
  <url-pattern>/servlet/LoginServlet</url-pattern>
 </servlet-mapping>  
 <welcome-file-list>
  <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
 </welcome-file-list>
  <filter>
    <filter-name>LoginFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>com.cityhuntshou.filter.LoginFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>noLoginPaths</param-name>
      <param-value>login.jsp;failure.jsp;loginServlet</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>charset</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>LoginFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>
</web-app>

运行效果:

访问结果:

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